Nigerian indigenous languages suffering
regress as a result of the nation’s attitude to its native languages. Surprisingly,
those who are real custodian of English language are getting really interested in
Nigerian languages and cultural heritage.
Professor Andrew Apter, a Director of African Studies in University of California, Los Angeles, is very proficient in Yoruba language. He speaks and writes the language as if he was born and bred in a Yoruba remote village. A couple of years back, he wrote to a friend: Ore mi owon, omo ile naa ni! Inu mi dun nigba ti mo ri
iranse eamil re! Yes, Emi ni, Ogundele, Omo Ayede, Igi aje to mi Igi Ogun gbelele!…
Prof. Apter works on ritual, memory, and indigenous knowledge as well as colonial culture, commodity fetishism and state spectacle. His historical ethnography
of Yoruba hermeneutics informs his research on “syncretism” and creolization in West Africa and the Americas.
Prof. Andrew Apter came to Nigeria in the 1980s and within the few months he stayed in Nigeria, he chose the rural areas of Yoruba land which in his estimation
still have the African culture and traditions intact. As an anthropologist, he investigated such challenging questions as how humans evolved and came to adapt to diverse environments, what led to the rise of urban life, what causes disease and death, how people imbue their lives with meaning, and how language reflects and shapes social life.
As a person who actually wanted to accomplish his mission, he did not stay in the cities like Lagos or Ibadan, he chose an ancient town in Ayede-Ekiti, the
then Ondo State, now Ekiti State of Nigeria.
He interacted with the people, mostly indigenes of the town and embraced their traditional religions like the famous late Aduni Olorisa who spent her lifetime in
Osogbo in Osun State.
He loves Yemoja and Sango festivals to the extent that he wrote a book on them entitled: Black Critics and Kings: The Hermeneutics of Power in Yoruba Society
(University of Chicago Press, 1992).
He went the extra mile to study the history of the town including the number of Obas that had been crowned, a history that is hardly known to many indigenes of the
He was so in love with Yoruba language that he studied it well. When he communicates to his Yoruba friends, he does it clearly in Yoruba with perfect lexis and structure whereas, so many of his Yoruba friends have almost become foreigners in their own country due to their
inability to speak or write very well in their native language.
He adopted Yoruba name – Ogundele and he is widely known and called that name in Ayede-Ekiti till date.
We have heard of many white men who
came to Africa and fell in love with our indigenous languages and religions. Remember the Aduni Olorisa of blessed
Aduni found our mode of dressing attractive and interesting so much that she lived in Osogbo, learned Yoruba language and equally believed in Osun goddess. We will not forget the American who only
visited University of Ibadan for the first time to learn the language and preferred the name – Titilayo falling in love with our culture and traditions.
It is true that we had our kingdoms and empires such as Oyo, Benin, Songai and our system of administration. If the white men endeavour to re-write history and tell our children that their ancestors were living like apes before they were colonised, who will will be ready to dispute
and challenge that notion with good knowledge of our history, culture and heritage? Is it our children and kids
who we have not taught our languages or traditions at our various homes?
It would be ridiculous for an American or Briton to return to Africa in order to teach our children and grandchildren their native languages, customs and traditions. It will never happen, God willing but that is
only when we shift the paradigm.
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